Cohen, S.M. 2001. “Religiosity and ethnicity: Jewish identity trends in the United States”, in Who owns Judaism? Public religion and private Faith in America and Israel, vol. XVII, ed. E. Lederhendler, pp. 101-130. Oxford University Press.
Cohen identifies 6 dimensions of Jewish ethnicity:
- A sense of peoplehood as expressed through feelings of common destiny with other Jews.
- Tribalism, or a sense of special responsibility for taking care of other Jews in need.
- Marginality, or a sense of feeling apart from other Americans.
- Attachment to Israel.
- Attachment to Jewish institutions other than the synagogue.
- Opposition to intermarriage.