On still-existing Pagan rituals in Europe:
The Krampus, a two-horned, hairy creature, is the first folkloric beast photographer Charles Fréger encountered during his two-year journey through 18 European countries documenting still-practiced pagan festivals.
The Krampus, a legend in Alpine countries, is said to punish misbehaving children during the winter Yule season. In contrast, Saint Nicholas, rewards well-behaved children with gifts. Fréger first saw a man dressed as a Krampus in Salzburg, Austria. The result of that interaction led to years of work for Fréger, documenting the enduring pagan celebrations of rural Europe.