“During the time I was a student at Washington the city was crowded with coloured people, many of whom had recently come from the South. A large proportion of these people had been drawn to Washington because they felt that they could lead a life of ease there. Others had secured minor government positions, and still another large class was there in the hope of securing Federal positions.”
— Booker T. Washington, Up From Slavery (1901), Ch. 5: The Reconstruction Period.